Goods moved by sea are classified differently according to their texture, nature and composition.
Abril Lopez, Branch Manager of Key Logistics Group, clarifies what these classifications are and how a cargo can be included in each of them.
Different types of cargo by sea
Full Container Load FCL (Full Container Load)
It is all general cargo merchandise that is stored and transported in a container, being the most used equipment in Mexico, Colombia and the world the 20 and 40 feet containers.
Less Than Container Load (LCL) Consolidated Freight
In this mode, goods from different suppliers travel together in the same container. Accordingly, upon arrival at the port of destination, the container is deconsolidated, i.e., the different goods from each supplier are shipped and delivered separately.
It is a fractioned cargo, i.e., due to its dimensions it does not fit in a closed container (oversized machinery), therefore, its handling and packaging, unlike bulk goods, is individual and it is possible to transport it in an open container, also called Flat Rack.
It is cargo that is moved or transported in large quantities without any packaging, i.e., the container itself is the same ship in which it is transported. They are divided into two groups; dry bulk cargoes (grains, minerals) and liquid bulk cargoes (chemicals, petroleum).